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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Pure Oxygen, Heals Better & Faster! & Slows Aging! 

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Chamber - HBOT Malaysia

Hyperbaric oxygen Therapy (HBOT) is a treatment modality, in which a patient breathes 100% oxygen intermittently while inside a treatment chamber at a pressure higher than sea level pressure (i.e., >1 atmosphere absolute; atm abs). This helps dissolve more oxygen in blood cells, plasma and body fluids. The Red Blood cells (RBC) thus deliver more oxygen to the tissues and organs and White Blood Cells (WBC) perform more effectively. Increasing the person’s oxygen levels in this way allows the body to repair itself more effectively promoting the health and wellness. Hence this therapeutic modality can be used to ameliorate broad range of conditions in which oxygen breathed under increased atmospheric pressure can reverse wound healing and speed up recovery. 

Inside the chamber

Thanks to unusual environment, various unusual effects occur. The normal atmospheric air contains 21% oxygen, whereas in hyperbaric chamber, oxygen concentration can be 100%. Average adult consumes 2.7 kg of oxygen out of which only 900 g goes to the bloodstream in 24 hours. In hyperbaric chamber, at double atmospheric pressure we breathe double the molecules of oxygen. And since the oxygen is pure, we may inhale 10 times the regular oxygen. Thus in one hour alone about 1,100 g may go to our bloodstream—more than what we get into our blood in 24 hours! That's why in few minutes of HBOT, tissue oxygen levels builds up far above the normal levels even in damaged and hypoxic tissues, thus accelerating the healing process. 

Health conditions that benefit from HBOT 

Hyperbaric chambers were introduced in Malaysia in early 1960s. In those days naval forces used this treatment modality to treat decompression illness, arterial gas embolism and barotraumas. Since then, HBOT has been slowly gaining recognition and at Institute of Underwater and Hyperbaric Medicine, HBOT has been used to treat diseases like diabetic foot ulcers, chronic osteomyelitis and carbon monoxide poisoning, etc. 

Indications as approved by Undersea & Hyperbaric Medical Society

(1) Air / Gas Embolism, (2) CO poisoning & smoke inhalation, (3) CO poisoning with cyanide poisoning, (4) gas Gangrene (Clostridal Myonecrosis), (5) Crush injury, Compartment syndrome & other acute traumatic ischemia, (6) Decompression sickness (the “Bends”), (7) Enhancement of healing in certain problem wounds, (8) Exceptional blood loss anemia, (9) necrotizing soft tissue infections, (10) Refractory osteomyelitis, (11) Osteoradionecrosis (radiation tissue damage), (12) Compromised skin grafts, (13) Thermal burns, (14) Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss. 

Beneficial effects may also be seen in following conditions

(1) Head injury, (2) Concussion, (3) Post traumatic stress disorder, (4) Cerebral palsy, (5) Autism, (6) Lyme disease, (7) Swellings & edema, (8) Joint problems, (9) Peripheral Neuropathy, (10), Poor concentration, (11) Reflex sympathetic dystrophy, (12) Complex regional pain syndrome, (13) Chronic fatigue syndrome, (14) Brain edema, (15) Near drowning, (16) Recovery from cosmetic surgery, (17) Certain liver conditions, (18) For enhancing the effects of some antibiotics, (19) To stimulate new blood vessels growth in areas of poor circulation, (20) Diabetic foot ulcers (non-healing), (21) Organ failure, (22) Delayed radiation injury to bones and soft tissue, (23) Alzheimer's disease, (24) Epilepsy due to hypoxia, (25) Fibromyalgia, (26) Gastric/Duodenal Ulcers, (27) Guillain-Barre syndrome, (28) Migraine / cluster headaches, (29) Myocardial Ischemia, (30) Systemic lupus erythematosus, (31) Multiple Sclerosis, (32) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, etc. 

Uses in Sports 

In recent years, HBOT has increasingly been used in sports arena. Many sports centers now keep hyperbaric chamber on site to minimize the time between sports injury and HBOT. Many professional teams own or lease hyperbaric oxygen chambers for treating their players. HBOT reduces the recovery time for soft-tissue injuries and bone fractures. It reduces swelling and pain and prevents hypoxia of the traumatized tissues. It speeds up the healing of tissues, ligaments as well as fractured bones. It minimized the scar tissue formation and helps return players to the game sooner. 

Precautions, Contraindications and side-effects 

Serious complications rarely occur. The National Institutes of Health states a number of side effects and complications of hyperbaric oxygen therapy have been reported. They include: Lesions developing in the middle ear, nasal sinuses, inner ear, lung and teeth; Oxygen toxicity in the central nervous system and lungs, Confinement anxiety; Ocular effects such as myopia and cataract growth. This list is not exhaustive. 

  • Some people are claustrophobic and may not like to stay in the chamber. Reassurance may work but in case it doesn’t HBOT may be avoided. 
  • HBOT is contraindicated in cases of people with untreated pneumothorax, on Adriamycin chemotherapy, Disulfiram anti-coagulant, Cis-platinum anti-neoplastic agent, and on Sulfamylon R antibiotic. 
  • HBOT chambers can be a fire hazard: fires or explosions in hyperbaric chambers have caused about 80 deaths worldwide. Medical hyperbaric chambers today are generally well-built and have good safety records, but certain cautions must always be observed. 

Therapy Protocols

Mild hyperbaric chambers with pressures 1.3 ATA for one hour to one hand half hour is often considered safe and often used in cosmetic and aesthetic treatments and by home users. However, while higher pressure and prolonged exposure may be needed or useful in certain conditions, such an exposure may lead to oxygen toxicity. Number of treatment sessions may vary from 20 to 60. 

Aesthetic & Cosmetic Uses of HBOT

 Oxygen is vital to life. Oxygen helps boost the health of every cell and helps the healing process. After any cosmetic surgery procedure there is tissue that has undergone some trauma. Often enough oxygen can not reach these damaged areas and this slows down the healing time. Since the advent of easy to use mild hyperbaric chambers, the use of HBOT in cosmetic therapies and aesthetics have increased tremendously. Due to oxygen plasma saturation and availability in the affected tissues, HBOT promotes enhanced collagen production, fibroblast proliferation, and neovascularization which supports quicker granulation tissue formation and faster healing. 

Surgery such as facelift, liposuction, abdominoplasty, mastopexy, reduction mammoplasty and augmentation mammoplasty etc. can all benefit from HBOT. For different cosmetic procedures, different protocols may be used. These may include pre-cosmetic intervention preparatory therapy sessions as well as post intervention session. This quickens the recovery process with better aesthetic effects. HBOT also helps those who haven't gone through any cosmetic procedure merely because of the anti-aging effects of hyperbaric pure oxygen!